Edgefield County, SC

County Name: 
Edgefield
State: 
South Carolina

Total population (1850): 39,262
Enslaved population (1850): 22,725
Percent slave: 58%
Extant nineteenth-century inquests: 524
Date range: 1829-1899
Percentage of violent crimes in county sample: 39% (202/524)

The small, rural district of Edgefield, South Carolina was the Deadwood of its day, amassing a reputation for murder and mayhem unique in the nation. Forget the gangs of New York, the toughs in tailored suits strutting about Edgefield's Court House Square were up for almost anything. Take this typical exchange between Thomas Cherry and Charles Cobb.

Cherry: "You Damn puppy."

Cobb: "What are you?"

Cherry: "Do you mean to call me a Damn puppy?"

Cobb: "What are you?"

Cherry: "If you call me a Puppy, I will ag you in the face."

Cobb: "You are nothing else."

With that Cherry stabbed Cobb through the face with an umbrella.

"If we over in Edgefield insult each other, there is generally a fight or a funeral afterwards."

"If we over in Edgefield insult each other, there is generally a fight or a funeral afterwards," noted Ben Tillman, one of the ten men of the district to serve the state as governor. Like Tillman, circuit judge Thomas Mackey took an almost perverse pride in the region's reputation. "I am going to hold court in Edgefield," he told a friend, "and I expect a somewhat exciting term, as the fall shooting is about to start."

Like most reputations, Edgefield's was at once deserved and exaggerated. At 39 percent, Edgefield County does have the highest proportion of violent crimes in the CSI:D sample. At 35 percent, Greenville County is not that far behind. More important, Edgefield's reputation for affairs of honor masks the mountain of dishonorable violence revealed by the morgue. Men spoiling for a fight on the street are rarely much different at home. In June 1893, Bill Gasten was sitting near his wood pile when his wife emerged from the house to draw some water from the well. Something she said set him off and he grabbed up a walking stick, hit her with it, then threw her down and began choking her. Emerging from the kitchen, her sister grabbed up the stick and told Bill to "let his wife alone." She had just started back to the kitchen when Bill cracked her head with a hoe.

Edgefield County, SC Inquests

Displaying 1 - 50 of 524
Name Deceased Description Date Inquest Location Death Typesort ascending Death Method
Nancy Slave June 19, 1847 at the house of Mrs G. Rily's Suicide
John Randall October 19, 1857 at the dwelling house of John Randall Suicide razor
Daniel slave, boy April 28, 1859 at L. Halls Tisery[?] Suicide
Blassingame Wise April 27, 1848 at or near the Negro quarter of Mrs Wiley Glover, on Savannah River Suicide
Lizzie Carson January 29, 1892 at John J Carson Coleman Township Suicide pistol
Joshua Miller December 22, 1851 at Joshua Millers Suicide shotgun
Aron slave, boy June 15, 1862 near the White house Suicide vine
Sarah Jowls[?] November 16, 1858 at Mrs Mary Ann Keys Suicide rope
Adam Barker August 10, 1879 at the Residence of Adam Barker Decd Suicide
Lovina negroe girl, a slave September 4, 1860 at Doct H M Folks[Faulk?] Suicide
Samuel M. Dowel July 25, 1844 at James Murrels Suicide knife
M. Emmitt Bryant June 25, 1891 at the Residence of Mrs Caterim[?] Bryants Suicide rope
Sarah Scurry September 28, 1844 at the House of Sarah Scurry Suicide
Jacob Long Jr. December 19, 1848 at Jacob Longs Suicide razor
Prince negro man October 27, 1844 at Mrs Elizabeth Timmermans Suicide
James Miller March 29, 1847 at the house of James Miller Suicide rope
E. M. Whatley August 31, 1893 at E M Whatley's Suicide
John Crawford June 25, 1853 at the house of John Crawford Suicide pocket knife
Darling Willis March 4, 1859 at Wade Holeston warter Suicide pistol
J. J. Jennings November 16, 1860 at J J Jennings Suicide
Ras slave December 6, 1850 at D Dennys Mill Suicide
William L. Russell September 6, 1849 in the Hotel of H Jordon Suicide razor
James S. Aiton June 19, 1893 at J.S. Aiton deceased Suicide pistol
Ann negro woman December 8, 1848 at the house of Benja F Landrum Suicide rope
Ellick negro man April 26, 1851 at the house of W. F Prescott Suicide rope
Violet negro woman (slave) March 25, 1844 at John Dinkinses Suicide
J. Hancock June 13, 1859 at J. Hancocks Suicide shotgun
Solomon Ellenberg February 18, 1859 near the Residence of G.M. Ouzts[?] Suicide
Joel Roper Sr. August 30, 1845 at the house of Joel Roper Sr Suicide rope
John J. Cobb July 23, 1843 at William Elkins Mill Pond Suicide
Basil M. Boone November 4, 1855 at the residence of Daniel Boone Suicide rifle
Michael Long October 11, 1877 near the Residence of E.N. Youngblood Suicide knife
Stepney negro man September 29, 1848 at the Swamp Platation of Wiley Glover, decd on Savannah River Suicide
Wesley Weaver[?] June 15, 1858 at Mrs Lydia Nevus[?] Suicide shotgun
Robert slave, boy April 8, 1847 at Edward Hampton's Suicide
Lewis slave May 21, 1861 at S. H. Roggers Suicide
Larkin Swearengen April 1, 1852 at the hous of Larkin Swearengen Suicide razor
George Ross June 29, 1898 at Adoms[?] place Homicide
Prince slave January 15, 1865 at John Seiglers Homicide knife
Green negro boy July 23, 1850 at the house of John Cheatham Homicide knife
Albert Jones April 29, 1885 at Pickens Reynolds house Homicide
Henry Padget freedman November 14, 1866 at Wm Padgets premises on Clouds Creek Homicide
Warren Kirkland November 16, 1858 at Benjamin Bartons Homicide
John Webb March 26, 1899 at Edgefield Court House Homicide
Margaret Simpkins September 21, 1879 on Jas C Brooks Plantation Homicide shotgun
Luther Sullivan October 26, 1898 near John Stuarts Homicide
Ben Lowman September 14, 1894 at W.[?] L. Rawls Mills Homicide pistol
Augustus W. Burt March 25, 1847 at the Plantation of A.W. Burt Homicide axe
Joshua Hammond Jr. September 6, 1849 at a place belonging to John Bauskett[?] on little horse creek Homicide fence rail
John Butler October 23, 1850 at the House of Mr Seth Butler Homicide knife

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