Edgefield County, SC

County Name: 
Edgefield
State: 
South Carolina

Total population (1850): 39,262
Enslaved population (1850): 22,725
Percent slave: 58%
Extant nineteenth-century inquests: 524
Date range: 1829-1899
Percentage of violent crimes in county sample: 39% (202/524)

The small, rural district of Edgefield, South Carolina was the Deadwood of its day, amassing a reputation for murder and mayhem unique in the nation. Forget the gangs of New York, the toughs in tailored suits strutting about Edgefield's Court House Square were up for almost anything. Take this typical exchange between Thomas Cherry and Charles Cobb.

Cherry: "You Damn puppy."

Cobb: "What are you?"

Cherry: "Do you mean to call me a Damn puppy?"

Cobb: "What are you?"

Cherry: "If you call me a Puppy, I will ag you in the face."

Cobb: "You are nothing else."

With that Cherry stabbed Cobb through the face with an umbrella.

"If we over in Edgefield insult each other, there is generally a fight or a funeral afterwards."

"If we over in Edgefield insult each other, there is generally a fight or a funeral afterwards," noted Ben Tillman, one of the ten men of the district to serve the state as governor. Like Tillman, circuit judge Thomas Mackey took an almost perverse pride in the region's reputation. "I am going to hold court in Edgefield," he told a friend, "and I expect a somewhat exciting term, as the fall shooting is about to start."

Like most reputations, Edgefield's was at once deserved and exaggerated. At 39 percent, Edgefield County does have the highest proportion of violent crimes in the CSI:D sample. At 35 percent, Greenville County is not that far behind. More important, Edgefield's reputation for affairs of honor masks the mountain of dishonorable violence revealed by the morgue. Men spoiling for a fight on the street are rarely much different at home. In June 1893, Bill Gasten was sitting near his wood pile when his wife emerged from the house to draw some water from the well. Something she said set him off and he grabbed up a walking stick, hit her with it, then threw her down and began choking her. Emerging from the kitchen, her sister grabbed up the stick and told Bill to "let his wife alone." She had just started back to the kitchen when Bill cracked her head with a hoe.

Edgefield County, SC Inquests

Displaying 1 - 50 of 524
Name Deceased Description Date Inquest Location Death Typesort descending Death Method
Wade Medlock July 12, 1894 at Benjamin Boatwrights Plantation Unknown
Hurnon[?] April 4, 1862 at Doct H R Cooks Plantation on Savanah River Unknown
Edward Johnston December 26, 1892 at William Bushes Unknown
Gus West October 11, 1883 at Jack Holms Unknown
infant child infant child July 24, 1892 at Promised Land School house Unknown
Bartly negro man January 16, 1846 in the woods near the plantation of Dr Wm M Bent Unknown
infant child infant child October 6, 1891 at her Residence Unknown
Aggy Latily[?] negro woman slave June 21, 1848 at the plantation of N L Griffin Unknown
Susan Churchwell October 6, 1884 at Allen Simkins House Unknown
Caroline Free negro August 26, 1858 four miles from Hamburg Unknown
Griffin Mays November 20, 1897 at W. H. Pordew Unknown pistol
Unknown August 30, 1866 at Fosity[?] Creek ford Unknown
Mary Bright Hanpt[?] October 6, 1881 at Bright Hanpt[?] Unknown
Fed Martin convict September 1, 1895 at Poor House and CH Unknown
Joel Etheridge November 29, 1893 at Joel Etheridge Residence Unknown
A. P. Shultz January 9, 1850 at or near Solomon Clickleys[?] Unknown
Sam slave, boy October 10, 1857 at the Carolina Hotel, Edgefield C.H. Unknown
infant child infant child November 17, 1891 at Mr M Toneys place Unknown
Infant Infant December 18, 1894 at the Rinheart Grave yard Unknown
Jane Glover January 12, 1883 at Handy Tanks House on John Wir[?] plantation Unknown
Unknown April 11, 1860 at or near W.J. Walkers Unknown
Joshua negro man slave June 26, 1860 at Harmon Gallman Unknown
Edmond Price April 30, 1892 at Kennys Graveyard Unknown
Anderson B. Branham January 6, 1892 at the plantation of M. C. Parker Unknown
Pete slave October 31, 1864 at Liberty hill Unknown
Jim Brown Child April 19, 1882 on Jasper Talbert Premises Unknown
Infant Boy Child Colored Infant Boy Child Colored February 15, 1883 at the residence of Charles Coleman Unknown
Minda negro girl August 17, 1851 at Mr Geo Robinsons Unknown
Ansabelle Brown October 21, 1866 near the Tambor[?] Soba[?] Rail Road Unknown
Lucy Roper June 29, 1899 on the pantation of S.W. Miller Accident lightning
John Young June 27, 1891 at the residence of John Young Accident
Mingo Mosley January 13, 1883 at Samuel[?] Corley's Accident
Abram negro man Slave August 21, 1850 at Henry L Maysons Accident
Spencer Mays freedman November 8, 1866 at John Buslys Accident pistol
A. G. Howard February 28, 1860 at Grannet Ville Depot Accident
Hampton Reynolds July 30, 1892 at J.W. Reynolds Plantation Accident
Jesse Moragna[?] March 3, 1882 at Luke Moragines[?] House Accident
Lila Washington February 20, 1879 at Wesley Barns Mill Accident
Richard negroe Boy April 21, 1863 in the District of Edgefield Accident train
John Shumport[?] November 7, 1851 at John Shumports[?] Accident
Thomas child of Thomas M Chandler September 11, 1850 at Thos M. Chandler's house, and at the old Pottery Accident
Auson Peeler July 25, 1868 near Kalmia[?] Mills Accident horse
Lesthia Ridlehouse[Ridlehover?] January 5, 1892 at the Residence of Mrs Edny Mary Accident
Samuel Harrison February 18, 1881 at [inelligible - faded] Accident
Mary Blocker December 6, 1894 at R H Parks Accident strychnine
Tom negro man Slave August 21, 1850 at H. L. Maysons in Beach island Accident
Charles negro man February 27, 1850 at Scotts Shoals on Savannah River Accident
Duke negro man March 25, 1855 near Dennis Carpenters Accident
Jim Coleman freidman November 15, 1866 at the Mackey Place on horse Creek Accident
Sam negro man October 19, 1856 on the track of the South Carolina Rail Road between the Paper Mill and Marsh's Accident train

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