Edgefield County, SC

County Name: 
Edgefield
State: 
South Carolina

Total population (1850): 39,262
Enslaved population (1850): 22,725
Percent slave: 58%
Extant nineteenth-century inquests: 524
Date range: 1829-1899
Percentage of violent crimes in county sample: 39% (202/524)

The small, rural district of Edgefield, South Carolina was the Deadwood of its day, amassing a reputation for murder and mayhem unique in the nation. Forget the gangs of New York, the toughs in tailored suits strutting about Edgefield's Court House Square were up for almost anything. Take this typical exchange between Thomas Cherry and Charles Cobb.

Cherry: "You Damn puppy."

Cobb: "What are you?"

Cherry: "Do you mean to call me a Damn puppy?"

Cobb: "What are you?"

Cherry: "If you call me a Puppy, I will ag you in the face."

Cobb: "You are nothing else."

With that Cherry stabbed Cobb through the face with an umbrella.

"If we over in Edgefield insult each other, there is generally a fight or a funeral afterwards."

"If we over in Edgefield insult each other, there is generally a fight or a funeral afterwards," noted Ben Tillman, one of the ten men of the district to serve the state as governor. Like Tillman, circuit judge Thomas Mackey took an almost perverse pride in the region's reputation. "I am going to hold court in Edgefield," he told a friend, "and I expect a somewhat exciting term, as the fall shooting is about to start."

Like most reputations, Edgefield's was at once deserved and exaggerated. At 39 percent, Edgefield County does have the highest proportion of violent crimes in the CSI:D sample. At 35 percent, Greenville County is not that far behind. More important, Edgefield's reputation for affairs of honor masks the mountain of dishonorable violence revealed by the morgue. Men spoiling for a fight on the street are rarely much different at home. In June 1893, Bill Gasten was sitting near his wood pile when his wife emerged from the house to draw some water from the well. Something she said set him off and he grabbed up a walking stick, hit her with it, then threw her down and began choking her. Emerging from the kitchen, her sister grabbed up the stick and told Bill to "let his wife alone." She had just started back to the kitchen when Bill cracked her head with a hoe.

Edgefield County, SC Inquests

Displaying 51 - 100 of 524
Name Deceased Description Date Inquest Location Death Typesort descending Death Method
William H Maharey May 25, 1863 at Haslin Factory on the Procelian Manufacturing Company Accident
Lawrence Frazier child January 14, 1895 at D.B. Holingsworths Accident
Robert Reynolds July 30, 1892 at J.W. Reynolds Plantation Accident
Isah Zimmerman December 26, 1881 at the Residence of W F Ste[?]eies Accident pistol
George Low col June 6, 1869 at Sand Bar Ferry Accident stems of yellow jasmine
J. F. Styron April 21, 1891 at residence of J. F. Styron[?] Accident
Esther Jeter April 17, 1893 at Huiets x Roads Accident
Jack negro boy May 14, 1852 at the house of H. W. Posey Accident
Edinborough Ryan December 30, 1882 at Mrs D. L Bussy Plantation Accident
Richard J. Barton December 28, 1866 at Mrs Lucinda Bartons Accident
Seware[?] Stuart November 4, 1893 at J.[?] E. Griffiths Accident
infant infant December 15, 1892 at Mr. Pleasant Grave Yard Accident
Billy November 28, 1857 at the South Carolina Rail Road Accident wagon
Richard Mims August 1, 1899 at the plantation of Mrs. H. Carter Accident
Richard negro boy Slave September 9, 1850 at Thomas Garretts Accident machinery
Hugh Duffey Sr. August 26, 1855 at Bethany Church Accident horse
Callen O'Neall November 11, 1855 at Luke Havirds[?] Accident
Lizzie Darian child November 21, 1894 at Waldo Richardsons Accident
Curry slave March 17, 1856 at Mrs Elizabeth Middletons Plantation Accident
Elijah Flour[?] youth July 24, 1849 at the hous of Mrs Salley Spradley Accident
William Perry January 7, 1894 in the county and state aforesaid Accident
Sallie Young December 8, 1890 at Mr A. F Broadwaters Plantation Accident
Ernest Bean April 6, 1884 at the Mill of B[?] Hill Accident
Jesse Limbecker June 18, 1869 at Hamburg Accident
Mary Harrison September 10, 1894 at Dornville Accident
Uriah Koon October 16, 1847 at the house of Col John Hunt Accident wagon
infant child infant child January 18, 1892 at the Plantation of L. G. Swearinger Accident
Infant Boy Child Infant Boy Child June 18, 1883 at Marsh Grobe Yard Accident
Henry negro man Slave August 21, 1850 at New Savannah in beach Island Accident
Joseph Jay October 4, 1860 at Joseph Jays Accident horse
Sallie Holmes December 20, 1893 at D. P. Bodies[?] Accident
Sam Slave June 14, 1858 at Henry Spiers[?] Accident
James Blocker May 6, 1897 Accident train
Charles negro boy November 14, 1842 On Mr Thos Oliver's Plantation, at or near Said Oliver's residence Accident
Ora Weaver February 21, 1891 at the plantation of D B. H Holfarth[illegible - ink blot] Accident
Sarah Lucas October 30, 1890 at Mr. M L Holson Accident
Ed Glover July 8, 1882 at Poore House Accident
Emanuel slave March 12, 1856 at Matthew McGraw's plantation Accident
Charles negro boy March 7, 1857 at Archy Clark residence Accident
Eldrige Padgett February 9, 1859 at Eidson Padgetts Accident
Balus Harrison November 14, 1893 at Edgefield CH Accident cart
Adam negro man Slave, boy August 3, 1850 at Vaucluse Factory Accident
Solomon negro man June 24, 1844 near the Mill of George A. McKee on Stevens Creek Accident
Edward Horton August 7, 1879 near Wesley Barrs[?] Accident sunstroke
George Delaughter April 30, 1861 at the Hamburg Passenger Depot Accident train
Ben Culbreath July 24, 1895 at Jno A Corleys plantation Accident horse
John H Webb January 22, 1882 at James Webb Residence Accident
James Perry December 27, 1894 at Mt Enon Church Accident
Willis Cumings child October 10, 1890 at C. M. Lanhams Accident
Sherod Holms October 10, 1884 at Sherod Holms House Accident horse

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