Edgefield County, SC

County Name: 
Edgefield
State: 
South Carolina

Total population (1850): 39,262

Enslaved population (1850): 22,725

Percent slave: 58%

Extant nineteenth-century inquests: 524

Date range: 1829-1899

Percentage of violent crimes in county sample: 39% (202/524)

The small, rural district of Edgefield, South Carolina was the Deadwood of its day, amassing a reputation for murder and mayhem unique in the nation. Forget the gangs of New York, the toughs in tailored suits strutting about Edgefield's Court House Square were up for almost anything. Take this typical exchange between Thomas Cherry and Charles Cobb.

Cherry: "You Damn puppy."

Cobb: "What are you?"

Cherry: "Do you mean to call me a Damn puppy?"

Cobb: "What are you?"

Cherry: "If you call me a Puppy, I will ag you in the face."

Cobb: "You are nothing else."

With that Cherry stabbed Cobb through the face with an umbrella.

"If we over in Edgefield insult each other, there is generally a fight or a funeral afterwards."

"If we over in Edgefield insult each other, there is generally a fight or a funeral afterwards," noted Ben Tillman, one of the ten men of the district to serve the state as governor. Like Tillman, circuit judge Thomas Mackey took an almost perverse pride in the region's reputation. "I am going to hold court in Edgefield," he told a friend, "and I expect a somewhat exciting term, as the fall shooting is about to start."

Like most reputations, Edgefield's was at once deserved and exaggerated. At 39 percent, Edgefield County does have the highest proportion of violent crimes in the CSI:D sample. At 35 percent, Greenville County is not that far behind. More important, Edgefield's reputation for affairs of honor masks the mountain of dishonorable violence revealed by the morgue. Men spoiling for a fight on the street are rarely much different at home. In June 1893, Bill Gasten was sitting near his wood pile when his wife emerged from the house to draw some water from the well. Something she said set him off and he grabbed up a walking stick, hit her with it, then threw her down and began choking her. Emerging from the kitchen, her sister grabbed up the stick and told Bill to "let his wife alone." She had just started back to the kitchen when Bill cracked her head with a hoe.

Edgefield County, SC Inquests

Displaying 1 - 50 of 524
Name Deceased Description Date Inquest Location Death Typesort descending Death Method
Joel Etheridge November 29, 1893 at Joel Etheridge Residence Unknown
Mary Bright Hanpt[?] October 6, 1881 at Bright Hanpt[?] Unknown
A. P. Shultz January 9, 1850 at or near Solomon Clickleys[?] Unknown
Infant Infant December 18, 1894 at the Rinheart Grave yard Unknown
Jane Glover January 12, 1883 at Handy Tanks House on John Wir[?] plantation Unknown
Gus West October 11, 1883 at Jack Holms Unknown
Aggy Latily[?] negro woman slave June 21, 1848 at the plantation of N L Griffin Unknown
infant child infant child July 24, 1892 at Promised Land School house Unknown
Anderson B. Branham January 6, 1892 at the plantation of M. C. Parker Unknown
Minda negro girl August 17, 1851 at Mr Geo Robinsons Unknown
Bartly negro man January 16, 1846 in the woods near the plantation of Dr Wm M Bent Unknown
infant child infant child October 6, 1891 at her Residence Unknown
infant child infant child November 17, 1891 at Mr M Toneys place Unknown
Fed Martin convict September 1, 1895 at Poor House and CH Unknown
Susan Churchwell October 6, 1884 at Allen Simkins House Unknown
Edmond Price April 30, 1892 at Kennys Graveyard Unknown
Unknown April 11, 1860 at or near W.J. Walkers Unknown
Griffin Mays November 20, 1897 at W. H. Pordew Unknown pistol
Sam slave, boy October 10, 1857 at the Carolina Hotel, Edgefield C.H. Unknown
Caroline Free negro August 26, 1858 four miles from Hamburg Unknown
Hurnon[?] April 4, 1862 at Doct H R Cooks Plantation on Savanah River Unknown
Pete slave October 31, 1864 at Liberty hill Unknown
Edward Johnston December 26, 1892 at William Bushes Unknown
Wade Medlock July 12, 1894 at Benjamin Boatwrights Plantation Unknown
Unknown August 30, 1866 at Fosity[?] Creek ford Unknown
Jim Brown Child April 19, 1882 on Jasper Talbert Premises Unknown
Ansabelle Brown October 21, 1866 near the Tambor[?] Soba[?] Rail Road Unknown
Infant Boy Child Colored Infant Boy Child Colored February 15, 1883 at the residence of Charles Coleman Unknown
Joshua negro man slave June 26, 1860 at Harmon Gallman Unknown
Jesse Moragna[?] March 3, 1882 at Luke Moragines[?] House Accident
Joseph Powel August 18, 1879 at [??] Accident
Ernest Bean April 6, 1884 at the Mill of B[?] Hill Accident
Richard negro boy Slave September 9, 1850 at Thomas Garretts Accident machinery
Ed Glover July 8, 1882 at Poore House Accident
Wily Royal January 7, 1895 at J.S. Hancocks Accident pistol
Hampton Reynolds July 30, 1892 at J.W. Reynolds Plantation Accident
William Lundy August 28, 1846 at house of John Rainsford Accident
Duke negro man March 25, 1855 near Dennis Carpenters Accident
Robert Reynolds July 30, 1892 at J.W. Reynolds Plantation Accident
Minnie Johnson December 22, 1892 at John Bettis plantation Accident
Henry slave, boy May 1, 1857 at Arthur Glovers House, Horns Creek Accident
William Perry January 7, 1894 in the county and state aforesaid Accident
Lesthia Ridlehouse[Ridlehover?] January 5, 1892 at the Residence of Mrs Edny Mary Accident
John Whitlock boy September 8, 1869 at Grainteville Accident
Jesse Limbecker June 18, 1869 at Hamburg Accident
David West boy January 30, 1862 at Graniteville Accident
Alick Croker boy September 29, 1878 at Mrs. Marshes premises Accident
Mary female Slave January 13, 1853 at Isaac Bowles[?] Accident
Sherod Holms October 10, 1884 at Sherod Holms House Accident horse
Henry Peterson June 13, 1893 at Ridge Spring Accident train

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